Interdependence is a reciprocal relationship among two or more individuals, groups, or systems. In an interdependent relationship, members may be emotionally, economically, morally, or ecologically reliant on others, while also being responsible to each other. Interdependence is the middle ground between independence (freedom from responsibility to and reliance on others) and dependence (relying on others without supporting them in return). Larger socio-political discussions often highlight that interdependence is the default state of both all human beings within a community and all living systems on Earth, and making an arbitrary distinction between human civilization and the environment is a harmful idea that must be adjusted to bring our relationship back into balance.
A deeper issue underlies each one’s part in the malaise enveloping the planet’s ecosystems—and its origins date back to long before the industrial revolution. To truly bring ourselves into harmony with the natural world, we must return to seeing humanity as part of it.
We are on the brink of an ecological and political mega-crisis. Our actions over the next few years may well determine the destiny of our descendants. Part manifesto, part tactical plan of action, How Soon Is Now? outlines a vision for a mass social movement that will address this crisis.
From the world's leading forest ecologist who forever changed how people view trees and their connections to one another and to other living things in the forest--a moving, deeply personal journey of discovery Suzanne Simard is a pioneer on the frontier of plant communication and intelligence;...
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