Racial Justice

Racial justice is the term for all efforts to create equitable institutional treatment and equal opportunity for people of color and to confront the systemic racial discrimination that prevents this. Working on all levels of society—political, educational, judicial, economic, business, religious, and social—racial justice focuses on proactive policies, practices, and attitudes that readjust opportunities, power distribution, and resources equitably to all members of society, regardless of ethnicity. We’ve started gathering valuable information on this topic, but haven’t yet curated the findings.

Kareem Abdul-Jabbar Continues His Fight for Racial Equality

Basketball legend lauds 'profound influence' of Black athletes when it comes to social justice.

The Voice of Nelson Mandela

Major speeches and letters from the life and career of South Africa’s first black president, organized by date, topic and readers’ favorites.

Nelson Mandela's Five Most Memorable Speeches

Excerpts from 'An ideal I am prepared to die for' and other memorable speeches by Mandela.

Serena Williams: How Black Women Can Close the Pay Gap

Black women are 37 cents behind men in the pay gap—in other words, for every dollar a man makes, black women make 63 cents.

Read the Most Important Speech Nelson Mandela Ever Gave

What began as a statement by an accused prisonor became, over the 29 minutes it took Mandela to deliver it, his best known and most important speech. It was a recounting of his story up to that point, an expression of his views and a morally forceful argument on behalf of his cause.

Serena Williams and (the Perception of) Violence: Intersectionality, the Performance of Blackness, and Women’s Professional Tennis

Using intersectionality as an interpretive framework, we aim to show how Serena fits within the social structure of tennis which was created within the white, upper-class social milieu.

The Outsized Life of Muhammad Ali

Muhammad Ali, who died in 2016 at the age of seventy-four, was the most fantastical American figure of his era, a self-invented character of such physical wit, political defiance, global fame, and sheer originality that no novelist you might name would dare conceive him.

“Let Freedom Ring Wherever the People's Rights Are Trampled Upon": What We Can Learn from Nelson Mandela Today

Nelson Mandela was by nature an optimist, but he was as hard-headed as they come. He did not embrace the consoling view of history that, as Martin Luther King said (in a line often quoted by Barack Obama), “the arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends toward justice.