Epictetus (50–135 CE) was a Greek Stoic philosopher who believed that philosophy was a way of life and not just a theoretical discipline. He taught that all external events are beyond one’s control, and thus one should accept whatever happens calmly and dispassionately. In addition, Epictetus believed in individual responsibility for one’s actions through rigorous self-discipline.
Epictetus is one of the key Stoic figures and is best known from "The Enchiridion" or "Handbook of Epictetus," a short manual of Stoic ethical advice compiled by Arrian, and from the "Discourses of Epictetus." Epictetus' teachings are central to Stoicism. Stoicism is a practical philosophy.
Epictetus' Discourses have been the most widely read and influential of all writings of Stoic philosophy, from antiquity onwards. They set out the core ethical principles of Stoicism in a form designed to help people put them into practice and to use them as a basis for leading a good human life.
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