Martin Buber (1878–1965) was an Austrian Israeli Jewish philosopher best known for his work on the distinction between the “I–Thou” relationship and the “I–It” relationship. He believed the relationship between one being and another being created the deepest meaning in our existence and would allow us to reach our full potential. He also worked on translating the Hebrew Bible into the German language. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature and in Peace several times.
First published in 1952, Eclipse of God is a collection of nine essays concerning the relationship between religion and philosophy. The book features Buber’s critique of the thematically interconnected—yet diverse—perspectives of Soren Kierkegaard, Hermann Cohen, C.G.
Beginning with Buber's seminal essay on mysticism, this book offers texts down the centuries from oriental, pagan, Gnostic, Eastern Orthodox, Catholic, Jewish and Muslim sources. It aims to convey some quality of an experience that is essentially beyond the power of words to capture.