Dream analysis is a therapy that works on the theory that dreams can give us insight into ourselves, encourage us to become more involved in our own self-awareness and growth, and allow us to explore our psychic unconscious world. Sigmund Freud, who first pioneered psychoanalysis in the earlier twentieth century, placed heavy emphasis on dream analysis as part of his work, as a way to see our repressions. Carl Jung also placed heavy importance on the meaning of dreams, although he saw them more as a connection between conscious and subconscious, showing our potential for change. Dream analysis is usually led by a therapist, whereas dreamwork is a more individual study of dreams with a broader array of tools for exploration.
Psychoanalysts often incorporate dream interpretation into their practice, focusing mainly on the theories of Freud or Jung. Other schools of psychology ― such as cognitive behavioral therapy, client-centered therapy and Gestalt therapy ― focus less on dream analysis.
This whole creation is essentially subjective, and the dream is the theatre where the dreamer is at once: scene, actor, prompter, stage manager, author, audience, and critic. To me dreams are part of nature, which harbours no intention to deceive but expresses something as best it can. ~ Carl Jung