A goddess is defined as a female deity, often linked to traditionally feminine attributes such as fertility, beauty, love, motherhood, and the creative life force. As with many religions, goddess worship can be focused on one singular entity, on multiple goddesses, or even a combination of the two, such as with the Triple Goddess of Wicca in her aspects of Maiden, Mother, and Crone. Goddess figures are frequently depicted as the embodiment of the earth or as ruling over crops and the growing season, drawing parallels between the growth cycles of the land and a woman’s ability to give birth to new life. While such themes are fairly common, there are also many examples of goddesses who are more violent or warlike in their aspect, such as Kali in Hinduism or the Morrigan of the Celts. Thus, goddess worship often fully encompasses the spectrum of human life, from its creation to its destruction.

View Our Introductory Article


An Introduction to the Goddess

The popular expression “if God were a woman” suggests that were it so, the world would be a very different place. History would agree. Matriarchal societies have flourished and female deities have been worshipped since the beginning of human civilization. Since then, the primal “divine ancestress” and the female principle have manifested in countless mythological and spiritual traditions in multiple forms, each with a special message and meaning for us to live by.

What is the true meaning of goddess? Who are the most powerful goddesses?

In mythology, a goddess is a female god. Spiritually, embracing the goddess within suggests you have qualities of beauty, power, love, and self-worth. These qualities are reflected in your demeanor, the way you act with others, and even the way you move. For thousands of years, people from around the world have called upon different goddesses as role models and powerful allies to address problems or attain desires in their lives.

  • Kwan Yin is a Buddhist goddess who is a beacon for compassion.
  • Mazu is a Chinese goddess of the sea invoked by sailors and others for her healing powers and ability to predict the weather.
  • Bridget, a Celtic goddess of spring, is associated with healing, protection of the young, and creativity, especially the poetic arts.
  • Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love and beauty, famous and revered for her magnetic charm and personification of the power of desire.
  • Al-Lat is a pre-Islamic goddess often called upon for protection against enemies, for vengeance against aggressors, and for favorable weather.
  • Durga is a Hindu deity to call upon when you’re in trouble to empower your aspirations and inspire your inner leader.
  • Kali is the most primal expression of nature in the Hindu pantheon. Depicted with many arms, surrounded by carnage, Kali is the goddess of death, but also embodies “boundless and existential freedom to be—without seeking permission” and can inspire inner strength and transformation.
  • Shakti is the Hindu goddess who is viewed by many as the most powerful of all deities, above all gods and goddesses alike. Shakti (meaning “power” or “energy” in Sanskrit) is the primordial cosmic energy responsible for all creation, life, and death in the universe. Shakti is the dynamic feminine principle in the universe. She is worshipped on her own (Shaktism) or in the form of other Hindu deities including Durga, Kali, Lakshmi, and Parvati.

Who are the Greek goddesses? What are their Roman names? 

The names of the ancient Greek and Roman gods are often used interchangeably, but there is a significant difference in how the Greeks and Romans conceived of their deities. The Greeks gods were individualistic and had personality traits not unlike humans. A thousand years later, the Roman gods were not seen as individuals—they were more associated with objects or actions.

In Greek mythology, there are a dozen major deities, known as the Twelve Olympians, and many minor gods. The six female Olympians (with their Roman names following) are:

  • Hera (Juno): goddess of marriage
  • Aphrodite (Venus): goddess of love
  • Artemis (Diana): goddess of the hunt
  • Athena (Minerva): goddess of wisdom
  • Demeter (Ceres): goddess of fertility, the harvest, and agriculture
  • Hestia (Vesta): goddess of the hearth

Selene (Luna) is the Greek goddess of the moon. Pre-dating the Olympian gods, Selene is often depicted crowned by a lunar crescent, driving her shining chariot across the night sky. The chariot is usually powered by winged steeds but sometimes by oxen, whose horns appear as her crescent. 

Though she is the queen of all the Olympian gods, Hera is not the most powerful Greek goddess. As the wisest, renowned for her powers of reasoning and intelligence, Athena was the most popular and influential of all the Greek deities. The city of Athens is named for her.

What is goddess spirituality? What does it mean to worship a goddess?

Female divinities hold places of importance around the world, including in Native American, Asian, African, Middle Eastern, and European mythological traditions. Most Eastern religions still venerate female gods, and in the monotheistic faiths, vestiges of the goddess remain. 

The goddess Sophia (the Greek word for “wisdom”) has been revered in many forms. She was the Dark Goddess of ancient Anatolia and appears in the Christian Gnostic tradition as the female twin of Jesus and in the Jewish Kabbalah as the female expression of God. Today she is St. Sophia in the Orthodox Christian tradition.

Many Yoruba goddesses, or “orisha,” were brought to the New World by the slave trade. Among the most powerful is Yemoja, a major water spirit, who is considered the mother of all orishas. The powers of Yemoja and the Divine Feminine of West African spiritual traditions helped shape the development of the Santeria, Haitian Vodou, and New Orleans Voodoo religious beliefs.

Since earliest times, the Divine Feminine has been recognized as the ultimate source of power. In ancient Greek mythology, she was known as Gaia, the mother of all creation. Incan cultures worshiped the Earth goddess Pachamama. These goddesses represented a holistic relationship between humans and the planet as an interdependent, self-regulating, life-giving ecological system.

The lunar cycle has always been strongly linked to women’s menstrual cycles and moon deities are often, though not always, female. The pantheon of global moon goddesses include Ishtar (Babylonian), Xochiquetzal (Aztec), Rhiannon (Celtic), and Isis (Egyptian). They are symbols of fertility, transformation, and the phases of life.

The evolution of the feminine divine from one Great Goddess to many, and from Neolithic Old Europe to contemporary goddess-worshiping Neo-Pagan and Wiccan movements continues. Beyond religion, archetypal psychology uses stories of goddesses and gods and other myths to represent universal human qualities; stories transcend the individual and connect us all.

You Might Also Like Our Content on These Topics: Sacred Feminine, Archetypes, Mythology, Wicca

Close Introductory Article
FindCenter Video Image

Seven Keys to Reclaiming Your Worth and the Goddess Within

The three aspects of the goddess: Lakshmī- value Sarasvatī- culture and Kāli- blessing/curse, and seven ways that women can reclaim their value.

FindCenter AddIcon
FindCenter Video Image

All Women Are Healers: A Comprehensive Guide to Natural Healing

“By the study, experimentation and practice of natural healing, women are changing and charting the future of health care. Despite heavy resistance or lack of recognition from patriarchal medicine, they are nevertheless making positive changes that will continue and increase.

FindCenter AddIcon
FindCenter Video Image

The Shakti Goddess: A Universal Force

Shakti, one of the most important goddesses in the Hindu pantheon, is really a divine cosmic energy that represents feminine energy and the dynamic forces that move through the universe.

FindCenter AddIcon
FindCenter Video Image

FindCenterWhen we bring our attention back to discovering who we are on the inside—not who we wish we were or who we think we should be—we begin a sacred path of transformation toward our innate, authentic, embodied power. This is the path of the Warrior Goddess.

FindCenter AddIcon
FindCenter Video Image

Why Has Feminine Worship Almost Disappeared Today? —Sadhguru

Sadhguru looks at how worship of the feminine has mostly disappeared in many parts of the world over the last two millennia, and how these years have been among the worst times for women to live in.

FindCenter AddIcon
FindCenter Video Image

The Women’s Book of Healing: Auras, Chakras, Laying On of Hands, Crystals, Gemstones, and Colors

Women are naturally healers. Throughout time, they have performed curative roles as mothers, midwives, caregivers, and wisewomen, but modern medicine has suppressed this important tradition.

FindCenter AddIcon
FindCenter Video Image

God Has Been a Woman Since the Beginning of Time

True, female Gods have been considered heretical in many cultures for millennia, and the suggestion that God is anything other than an old, white man in the sky is, for some, still a deeply troubling thought.

FindCenter AddIcon
FindCenter Video Image

Awaken Your Inner Goddess: Practical Tools for Self-Care, Emotional Healing, and Self-Realization

Rediscover your inner goddess, embrace your divine energy, and begin a journey of healing. This guide is packed with exercises and tools from both spiritual wisdom and evidence-based psychology.

FindCenter AddIcon
FindCenter Video Image

11 Powerful Goddesses from Around the World to Invoke in Your Life

Every goddess has her own unique qualities, talents and associated rituals. Over the centuries—and to this day—people have conducted rituals to specific goddesses when they want to generate certain results in their lives.

FindCenter AddIcon
FindCenter Video Image

Dancing in the Flames: The Dark Goddess in the Transformation of Consciousness

Dancing in the Flames gives us a remarkably rich and deep knowledge of the Dark Goddess.

FindCenter AddIcon


Sacred Feminine