Noah Levine is an American Buddhist teacher, writer, and counselor. Best known for his intersection of punk ideology and Buddhist philosophy, he is the creator of Refuge Recovery—a Buddhist-inspired approach to addiction recovery.
The path of Refuge Recovery begins with the First Truth: addiction creates suffering. This is not a philosophy. It is a practice; it demands action. We must understand, acknowledge, admit, and accept all the ways addiction has caused suffering in our lives.
All beings are responsible for their own actions. Suffering or happiness is created through one’s relationship to experience, not by experience itself. The freedom and happiness of others is dependent on their actions, not on my wishes for them.